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Thursday, January 23, 2020

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Can you tell how can we improve 'noun phrases'.

Good question Guarav. I'll try to make a noun phrases exercise for next week's task 1 lesson.

Noun phrases
Often a noun phrase is just a noun or a pronoun:

People like to have money.
I am tired.
Premodifiers

But noun phrases can also include:

1.determiners: Those houses are very expensive.
2. quantifiers: I've lived in a lot of houses.
3.numbers: My brother owns two houses.
4.adjectives: I love old houses.

These parts of the noun phrase are called premodifiers because they go before the noun.

We use premodifiers in this order:
Premodifiers

But noun phrases can also include:

determiners: Those houses are very expensive.
quantifiers: I've lived in a lot of houses.
numbers: My brother owns two houses.
adjectives: I love old houses.

These parts of the noun phrase are called premodifiers because they go before the noun.
We use premodifiers in this order:
determiners and quantifiers > numbers > adjectives + NOUNS.
The six children.
All those six young children.
Postmodifiers:
Other parts of a noun phrase go after the noun. These are called postmodifiers.

Postmodifiers can be:

prepositional phrases:

a man with a gun
the boy in the blue shirt
the house on the corner

–ing phrases :

the man standing over there
the boy talking to Angela

relative clauses :

the man we met yesterday
the house that Jack built
the woman who discovered radium
an eight-year-old boy who attempted to rob a sweet shop

that clauses. These are very common after nouns like idea, fact, belief, suggestion:

He's still very fit, in spite of the fact that he's over eighty.
She got the idea that people didn't like her.
There was a suggestion that the children should be sent home.

to infinitives :

I've got no decent shoes to wear.

These are very common after indefinite pronouns and adverbs:

You should take something to read.
I need somewhere to sleep.

There may be more than one postmodifier:

an eight-year old boy with a gun who tried to rob a sweet shop
that girl over there in a green dress drinking a Coke
Other parts of a noun phrase go after the noun. These are called postmodifiers.

Postmodifiers can be:
prepositional phrases:
a man with a gun
the boy in the blue shirt
the house on the corner
ing phrases :
the man standing over there
the boy talking to Angela
relative clauses :
the man we met yesterday
the house that Jack built
the woman who discovered radium
an eight-year-old boy who attempted to rob a sweet shop
that clauses. These are very common after nouns like idea, fact, belief, suggestion:
He's still very fit, in spite of the fact that he's over eighty.
She got the idea that people didn't like her.
There was a suggestion that the children should be sent home.
to infinitives :
I've got no decent shoes to wear.
These are very common after indefinite pronouns and adverbs:

You should take something to read.
I need somewhere to sleep.
There may be more than one postmodifier:
n eight-year old boy with a gun who tried to rob a sweet shop
that girl over there in a green dress drinking a Coke.

sorry, some repetition is above.please avoid it.

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