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Monday, October 21, 2019

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1. False: John B. Watson rejected introspective methods (=hidden emotions) and sought to understand behaviour by only measuring observable behaviours (=visible behaviours) and events.
2. True: Watson and Ivan Pavlov investigated, but Skinner assessed

1.
visible behaviour = “observable behaviours”
both >< “by only”
“by only measuring observable behaviours”
hidden emotions = “introspective methods”
“rejected introspective methods”
2.
Watson and Pavlov, the strictly observable = “Watson and Ivan Pavlov”, “classical conditioning”
“While Watson and Ivan Pavlov investigated the stimulus-response procedures of classical conditioning”
Skinner’s approach = “Skinner”
went beyond = “and also”
the strictly observable = “the controlling nature”
“Skinner assessed the controlling nature of consequences and also their potential effect on the antecedents of behaviour”

'private events = beyond the strictly observable'

I think this one 'assessed the controlling nature of consequences = went beyond the strictly observable' also helps you guess the right answer but is not very explicit.

1/ FALSE because the question contradicts the statement.
'Watson measured...' is opposite 'Watson devised...'

2/ TRUE because the question has the same meaning to the statement.
'Skinner’s approach differed from that of Watson and Pavlov' = 'While Watson and Ivan Pavlov..., Skinner...'

1 . Watson ... rejected introspective (inward-looking) methods and sought to understand behaviour by only measuring observable (=visible) behaviours ...

2 . While Watson and Ivan Pavlov investigated ..., Skinner assessed ... and also their potential effect ...

Good explanations guys!

arch1001face

Your reason for first answer seems incorrect to me.
Please check the last two line of the first paragraph:

Of course, Watson invented methodological behaviourism that reject introspective methods, but he try to understand behaviour by only measuring visible behaviours and event.
So “measured” is not in contrast with the statement.

Best

1. ONLY measuring observable behaviours/ visible behavior
Rejected (NOT) introspective methods/ hidden emotions
2. Assessed … potential effect on the ANTECEDENTS of behavior = went beyond the strictly OBSERVABLE

1st statement is false because Watson's approach rejected the idea of unmeasurable events such as thoughts

2nd statement is true as Skinner's approach became philosophy later on called radical behaviourism

1. False : only measuring observable behaviours and events- contradict with emotions. ''False''
2. True : This approach (controlling variables as observable behaviour ) became the basis for his philosophy called "radical behaviourism (= strictly observable ) True

Sir, see why the answers are correct.
observable behaviours and events.
1 Watson measured both visible behaviour and hidden emotions. (FALSE)
Operant Condition Vs Classical condition
2.Skinner’s approach differed from that of Watson and Pavlov in that he went beyond the strictly observable. (TRUE)

1. Watson measured both visible behaviour and hidden emotions. (FALSE)

John B. Watson devised methodological behaviourism, which rejected introspective methods and sought to understand behaviour by only measuring observable behaviours and events.

So Watson did not measure hidden emotions.

2. Skinner’s approach differed from that of Watson and Pavlov in that he went beyond the strictly observable. (TRUE)

While Watson and Ivan Pavlov investigated the stimulus-response procedures of classical conditioning, Skinner assessed the controlling nature of consequences and also their potential effect on the antecedents of behaviour; the technique became known as operant conditioning.

Thanks Matt,
I just try to explain by other ways =) I'm not sure yet.

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