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Saturday, November 10, 2018

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Thank you very much, Simon.
Have a nice weekend!

As the graph below shows 'and' and 'but' are much more common than'moreover' and 'furthermore'.

Also, 'in addition' is more common than 'moreover' or 'furthermore'.

https://books.google.com/ngrams/graph?content=and%2Cbut%2Cmoreover%2Cfurthermore%2C+in+addition&year_start=1800&year_end=2008&corpus=15&smoothing=3&share=&direct_url=t1%3B%2Cand%3B%2Cc0%3B.t1%3B%2Cbut%3B%2Cc0%3B.t1%3B%2Cmoreover%3B%2Cc0%3B.t1%3B%2Cfurthermore%3B%2Cc0%3B.t1%3B%2Cin%20addition%3B%2Cc0

Hi Simon,
I like to use 'and' in my speaking. most of the time, I use 'and' to link my sentences or ideas. But my IELTS speaking teacher told me that I should not use 'and' so many times. She said I should try to use other forms of cohesion devices to show off, to let the examiner know that I could use many kinds of discourse marks. After reading your lesson today, I am confused. Is she right?
Thank you very much.

RR

I agree with your teacher that it is a good idea to have a range of ways to expand your ideas when you speak and not just 'add' comments all the time. Simon's point is just to make sure they are 'natural' linking devices.

In the speaking test, make sure you give a range of extensions, such as additions, concessions, reasons, and examples, and use natural expressions that are not too formal.

Hi Sjm, thank you very much for your reply. I really appreciate it.

Moreover, a lot of IELTS candidates don't use "moreover" correctly! It should only be used when the subsequent thought is more important that the first one.

"You can use "and" or "but" as many times as you want; the examiner will not notice!"

Absolutely! If I could add a caveat to that for written English.

Maybe this is because when I was kid, my primary school teachers pounded into my head, "Never start a sentence with and, but or or!", but when I read even one sentence starting with "And" or "But", I cringe. It's bad style for academic English.

Joko,

It's nice to have you here. Comments from teachers are always welcome. Thanks!

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