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Thursday, February 01, 2018


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Is 2 points always enough for task1?I mean, if there is another point, like the spending of all 3 type of visitors had an sharp drop around year 2005?thanks

@Pan Andy

From a purely statistical standpoint, there are four trends that can be highlighted, one for each category, and an overall average trend.

The average line would start around $200, peak around $270, bottom out around $170, and recover to around $190. Thus we could write:

The overall trend for all three categories shows a sharp peak in the early 2000s, a dip, followed by slight recovery to around the original starting figure.

"Peak" implies both a preceding rise, and a following fall.
"Dip" and "bottom out" imply a fall beforehand and a rise after.
"Recover(y)" suggests returning to somewhere comparable to earlier or original values.

Using these words in the overview can hint at what is to come in the details, without the need to explicitly deal with more points than necessary.

The line graph compares the average daily spending in terms of three different purposes by foreign visitors to New Zealand between 1997 and 2017.

It is noticeable that the spend of visiting friends or relatives cost relatively less than the other two types. Meanwhile, average cost of business saw a dramatic decrease over the period shown.

In 1997, average cost for those who visiteing friends or relatives was less than $120 everyday while the other two groups of visitors, for holiday and business purposes, cost around $190 and less than $260 per day. However, by 2000, the spending for business fluctuated and followed by a considerable fall in the next few years, dropped by approximately $50 per day.
Similar trend showed during the same period in terms of those coming for vacation or visiting their friends or relatives.

By the year of 2010, after reaching its peak at $220 per day , the average daily spending by relatives visitors went down to only $140. During the same period, the daily basis cost for those businessmen represented a decreasing trend with a strong fluctuation. Only people went on a holiday seemed to maintain a stable increased average daily spending till the year of 2017.

Is it possible to use Future Perfect for predicting this graph in 2020?
If lines continue till 2050 can we use Future Perfect Continuous for between 2020 and 2050?


If the task 1 graph extended to 2020/2050, one might write something like:

Holiday and vacation spending is projected/forecast/estimated/predicted to rise a further fifty percent by 2020.


Based on/According to the projections, holiday and vacation spending will rise/will have risen a further fifty percent by 2020.

Future Perfect Continuous is scarcely crops up at all in Google books, so you should not need it.

Frankly, it is easier to keep it simple and use "projected" etc plus an infinitive.

Note "forecast" is usually irregular.

I have a question that I have been thinking about since the time I started studyimg for the IELTS. Here we go how can you understand the figures that are not shown in the graph? I mean for example how can you understand the highest spending time is between 2000 and 2003 cause there is no 2003 in the graph or over 20 years that you mentoned. I cannot understand this. Would you please tell me? Thanks in advance

Use a phrases such as "in the early 2000s", or perhaps "around 2003", or "between 2000 and around 2003" or "for a few years after 2000" ?

Thank you Simon for your wonderful website. You are helping a huge number of people who are desperate to get the desired band score. you are the best teacher. God bless you.

Why is 'business travellers spent the most per day on average' rather than 'Holiday travellers spent the most per day on average' in the last sentence?

The last sentence you mentioned "Also, over the 20-year period shown, business travellers spent the most per day, on average, while people visiting friends or relatives spent the least." I can not understand clearly. Please give some explanation on it. thank you very much

Plzzzzz I got tired of this task 1
I have a question about the body paragraphs
Do I have to write all the numbers given in the chart or line graph over a period of time for example 2000 to 2015
I mean for example the number of married and divorced men and women from 2000 to 2015
Do I have to write every detail of that chart in the body or just pick the trendy with the highest and lowest points

Do I have to follow the number of married from 2000 to 2015
Increased the decreased and so on or just pick some points
I need an answer , I visited many websites , I didn't get a deceive answer
Please help

The instructions for graphs usually read something like:

"Summarise the information by selecting and reporting the main features, and make comparisons where relevant."


The marking scheme for Band 6 states: "presents an overview with information appropriately selected"

It is clear that there is no need to mention every figure. Far from it, just pick the detail you need to illustrate the trends and back up the comparisons. One possible technique for practice is to write the whole report without figures and then go back and add them in where necessary.

For Band 7 there must be an overview (paragraph): "presents a clear overview of main trends, differences or stages". The overview should focus on trends, and comparisons without giving details: for instance:

"Overall, the number of foreign holidays remained fairly stable, except for in Germany where there was a significant increase over the years. Germans also took far more trips abroad than any of the other Europeans."

There are some examples of overviews here:

It is crystal clear that overall arrived their highest within three years after 2000. However, in the next 20 years, while expenditure for who enjoyed holiday plummeted more than half in the next few years and maintained flat for the last 15 years, another two travelers followed the similar trend at beginning but kept slight downward trend in the next 15 years.

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