One type of question asks you to "match the names with the statements". You will see a list of people's names (often researchers or experts) and you have to match each name with a statement about what he/she did or said.
Here's some advice for this type of question:
- Find all of the names in the passage first. Scan the whole passage quickly (this is probably the only type of exercise for which scanning works well) and underline all the names that the question asks you about.
- Remember that academic articles often only use surnames. For example, if one of the names is Robert Smith, you might not see the first name 'Robert' in the passage. Just look for the surname 'Smith'.
- Do difficult questions last. If one name is mentioned 3 times in 3 different paragraphs, it will be more difficult to match with a statement than a name that is only mentioned once. Start with the name that is only mentioned once.
- When you find a match, put a cross next to the statement; you will only use each statement once.
- As usual, look for "keywords" - words in the passage that are similar to words in the question statements.
I'll find another example of this type of question for next week's lesson.