Read the following passage about ancient uses of the word 'talent'.
The word ‘talent’ comes from the Latin word ‘talentum’, meaning a sum of money, and from the Greek ‘talanton’, meaning a unit of money or weight. An ancient Greek talent was 26 kilograms, which was approximately the mass of water required to fill an amphora - an ancient jar or jug.
When used as a measure of money, the word ‘talent’ typically referred to a weight of gold or silver. A Roman talent was around 33 kilograms of gold, while an Egyptian talent was 27 kilograms and a Babylonian talent was 30.3 kilograms. At the current price of around 38 US dollars per gram, a Roman talent of gold would cost roughly 1.25 million dollars.
Another way to calculate the modern equivalent to a talent is from its use in estimating military pay. During the Peloponnesian war in Ancient Greece, a talent was the amount of silver needed to pay the crew of a trireme (a warship requiring about 170 oarsmen) for one month. Alternatively, a talent of silver was said to be equivalent to the value of nine years of one man’s skilled work.
Are the following statements true, false or not given?
- For the ancient Greeks, a talent was the weight of water in a particular container.
- In modern terms, the Roman talent would be equivalent to a considerable amount of money.
- A ‘trireme’ was the name of a group of ancient Greek warriors.
- The Greeks were the first people to use the word talent in its modern sense.