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Tuesday, August 07, 2018

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hi Simon sir, question related to time in listening how to tackle them ?

expense vs spending vs expenditure

Are these words interchangeable ?
Are they always uncountable ?
eg. government expenses ? expense?

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@Syd
"Spending" and "expenditure" are often interchangeable. "Spending" is rarely plural. "Expenditures" (in the plural) corresponds more closely to the usage of "expenses".

"Expenses" and "outgoings" may sometimes be interchanged.

These are useful words for IELTS writing so worth studying in detail:

https://www.ldoceonline.com/dictionary/spending

https://www.ldoceonline.com/dictionary/expenditure

https://www.ldoceonline.com/dictionary/expense

As an uncountable noun, these refer to (the idea of) spending in general, whereas the plural refers more to the individual amounts actually spent.

cost vs costs works on much the same basis

https://books.google.com/ngrams/graph?content=expenditure%2C+expenditures%2C+outgoings%2C+outlay%2C+expense%2C+expenses%2C+spending%2C+spendings&year_start=1960&year_end=2008&corpus=15&smoothing=3&share=&direct_url=t1%3B%2Cexpenditure%3B%2Cc0%3B.t1%3B%2Cexpenditures%3B%2Cc0%3B.t1%3B%2Coutgoings%3B%2Cc0%3B.t1%3B%2Coutlay%3B%2Cc0%3B.t1%3B%2Cexpense%3B%2Cc0%3B.t1%3B%2Cexpenses%3B%2Cc0%3B.t1%3B%2Cspending%3B%2Cc0%3B.t1%3B%2Cspendings%3B%2Cc0

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