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Thursday, January 25, 2018

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compares

in terms of

In term of

Firstly, I would like to show my gratitude to Simon for very great lessons. I have been helped all the time.

This is an irrelevant question here but about task 1.

I had always put the adverb before the verb in a sentence. As like:
I

    already have
it
I
    had completely forgotten
to bring them until she reminded me of.

However, recently, I found that the adverb mostly comes after the verb in the sentence describing the change of figures in task 1.
For example,
The number of women studying English

    increased dramatically
in 2010.
This situation
    had changed radically
by 1995.
The number of visitors to Rome
    decreased slightly
between July and Agust.

Do I understand right? Please help me. I couldn't find any explanation regarding this.

Many thanks,
Jeong

in terms of

@Jeong

https://books.google.com/ngrams/graph?content=we+already+have+it%2Cwe+have+it+already%2CI+had+completely+forgotten+it%2CI+had+forgotten+it+completely%2Cwe+have+already+found%2Cwe+already+have+found&year_start=1990&year_end=2008&corpus=15&smoothing=3&share=&direct_url=t1%3B%2Cwe%20already%20have%20it%3B%2Cc0%3B.t1%3B%2Cwe%20have%20it%20already%3B%2Cc0%3B.t1%3B%2CI%20had%20completely%20forgotten%20it%3B%2Cc0%3B.t1%3B%2CI%20had%20forgotten%20it%20completely%3B%2Cc0%3B.t1%3B%2Cwe%20have%20already%20found%3B%2Cc0%3B.t1%3B%2Cwe%20already%20have%20found%3B%2Cc0

https://books.google.com/ngrams/graph?content=increased+dramatically%2Cdramatically+increased%2Chad+radically+changed%2Chad+changed+radically%2Cdecreased+slightly%2Cslightly+decreased%2C+changed+it+radically%2C+radically+changed+it&year_start=1960&year_end=2008&corpus=15&smoothing=3&share=&direct_url=t1%3B%2Cincreased%20dramatically%3B%2Cc0%3B.t1%3B%2Cdramatically%20increased%3B%2Cc0%3B.t1%3B%2Chad%20radically%20changed%3B%2Cc0%3B.t1%3B%2Chad%20changed%20radically%3B%2Cc0%3B.t1%3B%2Cdecreased%20slightly%3B%2Cc0%3B.t1%3B%2Cslightly%20decreased%3B%2Cc0%3B.t1%3B%2Cchanged%20it%20radically%3B%2Cc0%3B.t1%3B%2Cradically%20changed%20it%3B%2Cc0

https://dictionary.cambridge.org/grammar/british-grammar/about-adjectives-and-adverbs/adverbs-and-adverb-phrases-position

The line graph illustrates mean daily visitor spending in New Zealand between 1997 and 2017, broken down into three categories.

The first category, holidaymakers and vacationers, was the only one to show a distinct, though modest, recovery over the final decade, finishing the survey in first place at over $240 per day.

The second group, business visitors, who prior to their peak in 2004 had outspent the rest by a considerable margin, then began an erratic downward slide to second place just below vacationers.

The third cohort, those visiting family or friends, remained a distant third throughout, averaging around $130 per day from 2010 onwards, just over half the figure for vacationers.

Overall, all three categories seem to have quite similar trends, peaking early on and bottoming out with few signs of recovery, which would lend support to the view that they are at least partly influenced by the same factors, except insofar as the business category slumped more heavily than the rest.

(163 words and far, far longer than twenty minutes)

the average daily spend

The key phrase you used to change the order of the sentence is "in terms of".

Dear Simon,

Is it possible to use 'like' as a conjunction?
It looks like things are getting better.
It looks as if things are getting better.

@Syd

The phrase 'they feel like they' does occur in non-fiction books:

https://www.google.com/search?q=%22they%20feel%20like%20they%22&tbm=bks&lr=lang_en&gws_rd=ssl

However, some dictionaries state:
"In informal contexts, we can use like as a conjunction instead of as. Traditional grammar books consider this use of like incorrect"

https://dictionary.cambridge.org/grammar/british-grammar/common-verbs/like

So it might be better to use 'as' or 'as if' for exam purposes.

@Syd

"Things" is actually more frequent in fiction than non-fiction. If possible, it would be better to use more specific words like "item", "object", than vague and general words like "thing" and "stuff", particularly in task 1.

Feel free to commment:
The line graph gives information about visitors' average daily spending on their trip to New Zealand for different visiting purposes between 1997 and 2017.

@ishtiaque

https://www.google.com/search?tbm=bks&ei=ZZ1tWq74I4G40ASuiI34Bg&q=%22according+to+the+purpose+of+their+visit%22&oq=%22according+to+the+purpose+of+their+visit%22&gs_l=psy-ab.3...285774.300027.0.300348.71.50.10.0.0.0.353.7869.0j9j17j6.32.0....0...1c.1.64.psy-ab..48.4.629...0j0i13k1.0.prV3Ks4tBA0&tbas=0

Is it true that if you integrate the introduction plus the overview will give you a score of 8 or 9?

@kLwT

Band 9 requires: "skilfully manages paragraphing".

The model answers provided by British Council (and elsewhere) have a separate overview paragraph.

Mr sjm (examiner) wrote the following on how to achieve band 9 for task achievement:

"The difference between a 7 and 8 is sometimes seen in the 'amount' of information. An 8 level Task Achievement might include more comparisons, for example, or might be able to show a greater interpretation of the data. A 7 would probably state more numbers directly (eg: 73) whereas an 8 would be more descriptive (eg: almost three quarters). The difference between an 8 and 9 is usually more language based - a 9 has no vocabulary or grammar errors, so they are able to be more precise with the data because they have a stronger ability with vocabulary. (eg: the figure rose more modestly).

From an examiner's point of view, you only award a 9 for TA to people whose vocabulary and grammatical accuracy is in the 8 to 9 range. This is because people at the 6 or 7 level are making errors in these areas and that makes their description of the data less clear.

So my answer to your question is to improve your vocabulary and grammar scores to the 8/9 level first."

A separate paragraph highlights the overview for the reader and focuses on the main trends, differences or stages. A mixed introduction/overview paragraph could easily lack focus.

in terms of

Thanks Gabi.
did you mean to use 'according to the purpose of their visit' instead of 'for different visiting purposes'?

@ishtiaque
When applying for a visa visit NZ the question asked is "what is the purpose of your visit?", and currently there are five categories:holiday, family and partners, sport and arts, business or investment, others. So "purpose of their visit" mirrors the official language.

The phrase "visiting purposes" seems to be more used in the context of visitors to prison, hospitals, and the like.

https://www.google.com/search?q=%22visiting+purposes%22&tbm=bks&ei=Bn5xWrqQNcam8AWmipXIAw&start=30&sa=N&biw=1426&bih=955&dpr=1

Thanks, Gabi!

Thanks a lot Gabi.

in terms of

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