We haven't looked at a 2-part question for a while, so let's try this one:
These days many of us prefer to throw damaged things away, whereas in the past people used to repair damaged items and keep them for a long time. Explain why you think this change has happened. What are the effects of this change in attitude?
For this type of question, I would start with an "It is true..." sentence, followed by a "There are various..." sentence:
It is true that people tend to discard their old or damaged possessions these days, rather than repairing them. There are various reasons why we behave in this way, and it seems to me that the effects are largely negative.