Listen to the following news report about an outdoor smoking ban in New York.
Fill the gaps in the sentences below.
Over the last decade smokers across the country have been ______ ______ the defensive.
New York City is now taking the war against tobacco a ______ ______ with a new law that ______ ______ effect tomorrow, banning smoking outdoors.
The law aims to ______ ______, if not eliminate, exposure to ______-______ smoke.
Officials also hope to discourage a new generation from ______ ______ the habit, sending out the message that it is no longer acceptable to ______ ______ in family-friendly places.