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Saturday, May 03, 2014

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1. Qualifications and skills may contribute to get great promotions.
2. Lack of exercise leads to an unhealthy body.
3. Violence on television is one factor that can lead / leads to increase the crime rate/ increase in crime rate.

That was trickyyyy (: (:
( would love to see some explanation about the rule)

1. Qualifications and skills may lead to promotions.
2. Lack of exercise contributes an unhealthy body.
3. Violence on television is one factor that results in increase the crime rate.

These 3 verbs must be followed by nouns.
1. Qualifications and skills may lead to promotions.
2. Lack of exercise contributes to an unhealthy body.
3. Violence on television is one of the common factors that results in the increase in crime rates.

1. Qualifications and skills may contribute to get promotion.
2. Unhealthy body is a result of lack of exercise.
3. Violence on television is one factor that lead to increase the crime rate.

1.Qualifications and skills may lead to getting promotions.
or
Qualifications and skills may lead to promotions.
2. Lack of exercise contributes to having an unhealthy body.
or Lack of exercise contributes to unhealthy body.
3. Violence on television is one factor that results in the crime rate increase.

Qualifications and skills may contribute to get promotions.
Lack of exercise leads to have an unhealthy body.
Violence on television is one factor that is the result of increase in crime rate.

1. Qualifications and skills may lead to promotions.
2. Lack of exercise contributes to an unhealthy body.
3. Violence on television is one factor that results in the increase of crime rate.

1. Qualifications and skills may lead to promotions.
2. Lack of exercise contributes to an unhealthy body.
3. Violence on television is one factor that results in increase the crime rate.

1. Qualifications and skills may lead to promotions.
2. Lack of exercise contributes to an unhealthy body.
3. Violence on television is one factor that results in increase in the crime rate

1. Qualifications and skills may lead to promotions.
2. Lack of exercise contributes to an unhealthy body.
3. Violence on television is one factor that results in increase of the crime rate

A couple of months ago I scored 7 ! but, I guess I just missed Simon ! maybe I should keep track of the blog !

1. Qualifications and skills may contribute to get promotions.
2. Lack of exercise results to have an unhealthy body.
3. Violence on television is one factor that leads to increase the crime rate.

1. Qualifications and skills may result in promotions.
2. Lack of exercise leads to an unhealthy body.
3. Violence on television is one factor that contributes to increase of the crime rate.

- contribute to sth: to be one of causes of sth
- lead to sth: to have sth as a result
- result in sth: to make sth happen
source: oxford dictionary.

Hopefully my answers are right.

1. Qualifications and skills may results to get promotions.
2. Lack of exercise leads to have an unhealthy body.
3. Violence on television is one factor that contributes to increase the crime rate.

I have done this with my natural skill in English.
I hope every body can help me to figure it out.
Thank you alot!

Qualification and skills may lead in promotions.
Lack of exercise results to unhealthy body.
Violence on television is one factor that contributes to increase of the crime rate.

1. Qualifications and skills may result to get promotions.
2. Lack of exercise contributes to have an unhealthy body.
3. Violence on television is one factor that lead to increase the crime rate.

1 Qualifications and skills can contribute to job promotions.
2 Lack of exercises may results in an unhealthy body
3 Violence on television can lead to an increase in crime rates.

Many thanks for your help!

Hi Simon,

will there be lessons on working days this month? for some reasons, I have time on working days....

Many Thanks!

1. Qualifications and skills may contribute to get promotions.
2. Lack of exercise results to have an unhealthy body.
3. Violence on television is one factor that leads to increase the crime rate.

1. Qualifications and skills may lead to promotions.
2. Lack of exercise contributes to an unhealthy body.
3. Violence on television is one factor that results in increasing the crime rate.

1. Qualifications and skills may result to get promotions.
2. Lack of exercise leads to an unhealthy body.
3. Violence on television is one factor that contributes to increase the crime rate.

The Rule:
I think they should come with an object, which can be noun, and not infinitive form of the verb.

1. Qualifications and skills may lead to get promotions.

Correct: Qualification and skills leading to promotions
OR
Qualification and skills leading to get promotions.
2. Lack of exercise contributes to have an unhealthy body.

Correct: Lack of exercise contributes to having an unhealthy body.
OR
Lack of exercise contributes to an unhealthy body.
3. Violence on television is one factor that results to increase the crime rate.

Correct: Violence on television is one factor that results increasing of the crime rate.
OR
Violence on television is one factor That results increase of the crime rate.

1. Qualifications and skills may contribute to promotions.
2. Lack of exercise lead to an unhealthy body.
3. Violence on television is one factor that results in increasing the crime rate.

1. Qualifications and skills may lead to getting promotions.
2. Lack of exercise contributes to having an unhealthy body.
3. Violence on television is one factor that results in increasing the crime rate

1.Qualifications and skills could contribute to get promotions.
= could contribute to, less certain

2.Lack of exercise may leads to have an unhealthy body.
= may leads to, not certain because it does not mean that if you lack of exercise then you have an unhealthy body.

3.Violence on television is one of the factors that would result in the increase of crime rate.
= result in, certain and expecting figures or number

1. Qualifications and skills may lead to some promotions.
2. Lack of exercise contributes to an unhealthy body.
3. Violence on television is one factor that results in an increase in the crime rate.

1. Qualifications and skills may lead to getting promotions.
2. Lack of exercise contributes to an unhealthy body.
3. Violence on Television is one factor that results in increasing in the crime rate.

1. Qualifications and skills may contribute to get promotions.
2. Lack of exercise results in have an unhealthy body.
3. Violence on television is one factor that leads to increase the crime rate.

Here are my answers:
1. Qualifications and skills may contribute to get promotions.
2. Lack of exercise result in an unhealthy body.
3. Violence on television is one factor that leads to increase the crime rate.

I think the rule should be that contribute is for positive results, lead is for bad results, and result goes to somewhere in between.

1. Qualifications and skills may contributes to promotions.
2. Lack of exercise results in an unhealthy body.
3. Violence on television is one factor that lead to increase the crime rate

1. Qualifications and skills may contribute to get promotions.
2. Lack of exercise results in an unhealthy body.
3. Violence on television is one factor that leads to increase the crime rate.

1. Qualifications and skills may lead to promotions.
2. Lack of exercise contributes to an unhealthy body.
3. Violence on television is one factor that results in the increase in the crime rate.

1. Qualifications and skills may contribute to getting promotions.
2. Lack of exercise leads to an unhealthy body.
3. Violence on television is one factor that contributes to an increase in the crime rate.

1. Result in: Have (a specificed outcome)
Lack of exercise results in an unhealthy body.
2. Lead to: Be reason or motive for.
Qualifications and skills may lead to getting promotions
3. Contribute to: Help to bring about.
Violence on television is one factor that contributes to an increase in the crime rate.

1. Qualifications and skills may lead to getting promotions.

or Qualifications and skills may lead to promotions.

2. Lack of exercise contributes to having an unhealthy body.

or Lack of exercise contributes to an unhealthy body.

3. Violence on television is one factor that results to increasing the crime rate.

or Violence on television is one factor that results to the crime rate.

1. Qualifications and skills may lead to promotions.
2. Lack of exercise contributes to an unhealthy body.
3. Violence on television is one factor that result in increase of crime rate.

Hi Simon,
I really appreciate if you could explain the answer.
Thanks

So far as I know,

lead to- to bring about or cause something, e.g. a quarrel between two families soon leads to a fight between two neighbourhoods. so we can simply rephrase it as a factor A causes a result B

contributes to-help to bring about or cause something, e.g. the increasing use of petrol contributes to global warming. so we can simply rephrase it as a factor A may cause a result B (not necessarily)

result in- have a specific outcome or end. e.g. the car accident results in the death of two adolescents. so we can simply rephrase it as result B is the consequence of a factor A

back to the question of correction, I believe there is no obvious diffence in using the there collocations in the questions that Simon had given, especially when the context is missing. but the problem is what we should write after the preposition.

1.Qualifications and skills may lead to promotions ("get" should be removed)

2. Lack of exercise contributes to an unhealthy body("have" should be removed)

3.Violence on television is one factor that results in the increase of crime rate. ("increase" should be considered as a noun rather than a verb in this sentence)

so the rule should be you can use only nouns or phases integrated with nouns after the preposition of each collocation.

CORRECT ANSWERS FROM SIMON:

1. Qualifications and skills may lead to promotions.

2. Lack of exercise contributes to an unhealthy body.

3. Violence on television is one factor that results in an increase in the crime rate.

REMEMBER:

lead to + noun
contribute to + noun
result in + noun

NOTE:
It's ok use the "ING" form e.g. "lead to getting promotions", but it's better without it.

Hi Simon,

You are the best at giving clear, simple and practical advice on IELTS . Regard,

1. Qualifications and skills may contribute to promotions.
2. Lack of exercise results to have an unhealthy body.
3. Violence on television is one factor that leads to increase the crime rate.

May lead to promotions
May contribute to an unhealthy body
One factor that results in an increase in the crime rate.

Contribute is used for good things
Lead is usually used for bad things
How about "result", Simon?

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