Several students have asked me about the following question from Cambridge IELTS book 5 (page 29).
The graph below shows the proportion of the population aged 65 and over between 1940 and 2040 in three different countries.
Here are the steps I would follow to write my essay:
- Introduction: write one sentence to introduce what the graph shows. Just paraphrase the question statement (i.e. change a few words).
- Summary: describe 2 main things e.g. the overall trend for all 3 countries, and the biggest change that you can see.
- Details: compare all 3 countries in 1940, then in 1990.
- Details: describe the dramatic increase predicted for Japan, and compare all 3 countries in 2040.
Try writing some essay plans like the one above. Planning makes you think about selecting and organising, so it's a useful skill to practise (even if you don't do a plan in your exam).